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Title: Fabrication of low noise borosilicate glass nanopores for single molecule sensing
Authors: Bafna, Jayesha A.
Soni, G.V.
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS ONE, 2016, Vol. 11, pe-0157399
Abstract: We show low-cost fabrication and characterization of borosilicate glass nanopores for single molecule sensing. Nanopores with diameters of ~100 nm were fabricated in borosilicate glass capillaries using laser assisted glass puller. We further achieve controlled reduction and nanometer-size control in pore diameter by sculpting them under constant electron beam exposure. We successfully fabricate pore diameters down to 6 nm. We next show electrical characterization and low-noise behavior of these borosilicate nanopores and compare their taper geometries. We show, for the first time, a comprehensive characterization of glass nanopore conductance across six-orders of magnitude (1M-1μM) of salt conditions, highlighting the role of buffer conditions. Finally, we demonstrate single molecule sensing capabilities of these devices with real-time translocation experiments of individual λ-DNA molecules. We observe distinct current blockage signatures of linear as well as folded DNA molecules as they undergo voltage-driven translocation through the glass nanopores. We find increased signal to noise for single molecule detection for higher trans-nanopore driving voltages. We propose these nanopores will expand the realm of applications for nanopore platform.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: 1932-6203
Alternative Location:
Copyright: 2016 Bafina, Soni
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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