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Title: Pressure induced mesomorphism
Authors: Chandrasekhar, S.
Ramaseshan, S.
Reshamwala, A.S.
Sadashiva, B.K.
Shashidhar, R.
Surendranath, V.
Issue Date: 1975
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India.
Citation: Pramana Supplement, 1975, Vol. 1, p117-129.
Abstract: The paper reports the discovery of mesomorphism induced by pressure in materials that do not exhibit the liquid crystalline phase at atmospheric pressure. This observation verifies a prediction of the theory of melting of molecular crystals. Experiments were conducted on the first two members of the p-n- alkoxybenzoic acid series. These two compounds, the methoxy- and ethoxybenzoic acids, do not form liquid crystals at atmospheric pressure whereas the third and higher homologues do. However, as the pressure is raised both compounds exhibit mesophases, initially a nematic phase and then, at higher pressures, a smectic phase as well. Experimental phase diagrams are presented which establish for the first time the existence of the solid-nematic-isotropic and solid- smectic-nematic triple points in single component systems.
Description: Proceedings of the international liquid crystal conference, Bangalore, 1973.
ISSN: 0304-4289
Copyright: Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India.
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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