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Title: Non-thermal Sunyaev–Zeldovich signal from radio galaxy lobes
Authors: Acharya, Sandeep Kumar
Majumdar, Subhabrata
Nath, Biman
Keywords: galaxies
cosmic background radiation
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
Citation: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2021, Vol. 503, p5473-5484
Abstract: Energetic electrons in the lobes of radio galaxies make them potential sources for not only radio and X-rays but also Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) distortions in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. Previous works have discussed the energetics of radio galaxy lobes, but assuming thermal SZ effect, coming from the non-thermal electron population. We use an improved evolutionary model for radio galaxy lobes to estimate the observed parameters such as the radio luminosity and intensity of SZ-distortions at the redshifts of observation. We, further, quantify the effects of various relevant physical parameters of the radio galaxies, such as the jet power, the time-scale over which the jet is active, the evolutionary time-scale for the lobe, etc. on the observed parameters. For current SZ observations towards galaxy clusters, we find that the non-thermal SZ distortions from radio lobes embedded in galaxy clusters can be non-negligible compared to the amount of thermal SZ distortion from the intracluster medium and, hence, cannot be neglected. We show that small and young (and preferably residing in a cluster environment) radio galaxies offer better prospects for the detection of the non-thermal SZ signal from these sources. We further discuss the limits on different physical parameters for some sources for which SZ effect has been either detected or upper limits are available. The evolutionary models enable us to obtain limits, previously unavailable, on the low energy cut-off of electron spectrum (pmin ∼ 1–2) in order to explain the recent non-thermal SZ detection. Finally, we discuss how future CMB experiments, which would cover higher frequency bands (>400 GHz), may provide clear signatures for non-thermal SZ effect.
Description: Restricted Access. An open-access version is available at (one of the alternative locations)
ISSN: 0035-8711
1365-2966 (Online)
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Copyright: 2021 The Author(s)
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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