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Title: Collisional cooling of trapped ions with cold atoms: results and insights
Authors: Dutta, Sourav
Sawant, Rahul
Rangwala, S.A.
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd.
Citation: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2020, Vol.1412, Article No.062001
Abstract: We present a series of recent experimental and numerical results which allow us to propose and explain the mechanisms for collisional cooling of a trapped ion by sequential binary collisions with atoms. Our experiments in hybrid atom-ion traps study the cooling of ions when the reservoir of the coolant atoms is spatially localized at the centre of the ion trap. Under these conditions the widely and long held expectation that for the ion to collisionally cool, the atom must be of lighter mass (i.e. mI > mA ) is overturned. Instead we show ion cooling for mI ≤ mA in addition to mI > mA , and explain why earlier work establishing mass ratios does not apply to the experiments in hybrid traps. Further, for cooling of an ion A+ by the parent atom A, the mechanism of resonant charge exchange (RCE) allows for extremely efficient cooling of the ion A+. This mechanism is demonstrated by comparing the cooling rate of an ion with a localized ensemble of its parent atoms and with a lighter atomic species, where in the latter case the RCE mechanism does not exist. The difference in measured cooling rates for a given number density of the atoms and the theoretically calculated difference between elastic and RCE cross sections are used to show that the cooling efficiency per collision with RCE is much greater than the cooling by elastic collision. We conclude with some perspectives and prospects of future experiments.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: 1742-6588
1742-6596 (Online)
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Copyright: 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (LAMP)

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