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Title: Magnetic and electric birefringence in the isotropic phase of nematic liquid crystals
Authors: Madhusudana, N.V.
Chandrasekhar, S.
Keywords: Magnetic birefringence
Electric birefringence
Liquid crystals
Issue Date: 1973
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India.
Citation: Pramana, 1973, Vol. 1, p12 -20.
Abstract: A theory is developed of the anomalous magnetic and electric birefringence in the isotropic phase of nematic liquid crystals taking into account orientational orrelations between neighbouridg molecules. Use is made of a modification of Bethe's method due to Krieger and James, and the properties of the system are derived in terms of a single parameter, viz., the two-partide interaction constant. The expressions for the magnetic and electric birefringence are similar in form to those given by the phenomeno- logical model of de Gennes. Theoretical curves for p-azoxyanisole reproduce the trends in the observed data. A calculation of the nematic-isotropic transition point confirms that this treatment is an improvement over the mean field approximation in describing pre-transition phenomena in the isotropic phase.
ISSN: 0304-4289
Copyright: Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India.
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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