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Title: Lasing by driven atoms-cavity system in collective strong coupling regime
Authors: Sawant, Rahul
Rangwala, S.A.
Issue Date: Sep-2017
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Scientifc Reports, 2017, Vol. 7, 11432
Abstract: The interaction of laser cooled atoms with resonant light is determined by the natural linewidth of the excited state. An optical cavity is another optically resonant system where the loss from the cavity determines the resonant optical response of the system. The near resonant combination of an optical Fabry-Pérot cavity with laser cooled and trapped atoms couples two distinct optical resonators via light and has great potential for precision measurements and the creation of versatile quantum optics systems. Here we show how driven magneto-optically trapped atoms in collective strong coupling regime with the cavity leads to lasing at a frequency red detuned from the atomic transition. Lasing is demonstrated experimentally by the observation of a lasing threshold accompanied by polarization and spatial mode purity, and line-narrowing in the outcoupled light. Spontaneous emission into the cavity mode by the driven atoms stimulates lasing action, which is capable of operating as a continuous wave laser in steady state, without a seed laser. The system is modeled theoretically, and qualitative agreement with experimentally observed lasing is seen. Our result opens up a range of new measurement possibilities with this system.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: 2045-2322 (online)
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Copyright: 2017 Nature Publishing Group
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (LAMP)

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