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Title: GMOSS: All-sky model of spectral radio brightness based on physical components and associated radiative processes
Authors: Sathyanarayana Rao, Mayuri
Subrahmanyan, Ravi
Udaya Shankar, N.
Chluba, Jens
Keywords: gravitational lensing
cosmic background radiation
observations – ISM
observational – radio continuum
Issue Date: Jan-2017
Publisher: IOP Sciences for The American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astronomical Journal, 2017, Vol. 153, P26
Abstract: We present the Global Model for the Radio Sky Spectrum (GMOSS), a novel, physically motivated model of the low-frequency radio sky from 22 MHz to 23 GHz. GMOSS invokes different physical components and associated radiative processes to describe the sky spectrum over 3072 pixels of 5° resolution. The spectra are allowed to be convex, concave, or of more complex form with contributions from synchrotron emission, thermal emission, and free–free absorption included. Physical parameters that describe the model are optimized to best fit four all-sky maps at 150 MHz, 408 MHz, 1420 MHz, and 23 GHz and two maps at 22 and 45 MHz generated using the Global Sky Model of de Oliveira-Costa et al. The fractional deviation of the model from data has a median value of 6% and is less than 17% for 99% of the pixels. Though aimed at the modeling of foregrounds for the global signal arising from the redshifted 21 cm line of hydrogen during the Cosmic Dawn and the Epoch of Reionization (EoR), over redshifts $150\lesssim z\lesssim 6$, GMOSS is well suited for any application that requires simulating spectra of the low-frequency radio sky as would be observed by the beam of any instrument. The complexity in spectral structure that naturally arises from the underlying physics of the model provides a useful expectation for departures from smoothness in EoR foreground spectra and hence may guide the development of algorithms for EoR signal detection. This aspect is further explored in a subsequent paper.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: ‎0004-6256
Alternative Location:
Copyright: 2016 American Astronomical Society
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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