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Title: Phase behaviour of the discotic mesogen 2,3,6,7,10,11-Hexahexyl Thiotriphenylene (HHTT) under pressure
Authors: Maeda, Yoji
Rao, Shankar D.S.
Prasad, Krishna S.
Chandrasekhar, S.
Kumar, Sandeep
Keywords: HHTT
high-pressure WAXD
P vs. T phase diagram
helical phase
columnar hexagonal phase
monotropic transitions
triple points
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 2003, Vol.397, p129-142
Abstract: The phase behaviour of the discotic mesogen 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahexylthiotriphenylene (HHTT) was investigated under hydrostatic pressures up to 300MPa using wide-angle X-ray diffraction equipped with a high-pressure vessel. The reversible transitions of HHTT, i.e., crystal (Cr) – helical phase (H) – hexagonal columnar phase (Colh) – isotropic liquid (I), were observed under pressures up to about 30 MPa. The transition sequence changed significantly depending on the applied pressure. The H phase appeared monotropically in the pressure region between 50 and 180 MPa, indicating the Cr?Colh?I on heating and I?Colh?H?Cr transition sequences on cooling. Applying higher pressures altered further the phase behaviour: the enantiotropic Colh phase changed to monotropic one under high pressures above 180 MPa, indicating the Cr?I on heating and I?Colh?Cr transition sequences on cooling. The X-ray diffraction pattern of the H phase exhibited a sharp low-angle and a wide-angle reflections corresponding to the intercolumnar and the core-core distances, respectively. This feature is indicative of the three-dimensional ordering present in the H phase. On the other hand, the Colh phase showed only a low-angle reflection. It was found that the intercolumnar distance in the Colh phase decreases with increasing temperature at high pressures. This indicates that the negative coefficient of thermal expansion for the column packing in the Colh phase is held under pressure.
Description: Restricted Access.
ISSN: 1542-1406
1563-5287 (Online)
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Copyright: 2003 Taylor & Francis
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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