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Title: Interplay of energy dependent astrophysical neutrino flavor ratios and new physics effects
Authors: Mehta, Poonam
Winter, Walter
Keywords: neutrino properties
ultra high energy photons and neutrinos
Issue Date: 24-Mar-2011
Publisher: IOP Publishing and SISSA
Citation: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2011, Vol.2011, p041
Abstract: We discuss the importance of flavor ratio measurements in neutrino telescopes, such as by measuring the ratio between muon tracks to cascades, for the purpose of extracting new physics signals encountered by astrophysical neutrinos during propagation from the source to the detector. The detected flavor ratios not only carry the energy information of specific new physics scenarios which alter the transition probabilities in distinctive ways, but also the energy dependent flavor composition at the source. In the present work, we discuss the interplay of these two energy dependent effects and identify which new physics scenarios can be distinguished from the detected flavor ratios as a function of astrophysical parameters. We use a recently developed self-consistent neutrino production model as our toy model to generate energy dependent source flavor ratios and discuss (invisible) neutrino decay and quantum decoherence as specific new physics examples. Furthermore, we identify potentially interesting classes of sources on the Hillas plot for the purpose of new physics searches. We find that sources with substantial magnetic fields 103 GausslesssimBlesssim106 Gauss, such as Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) cores, white dwarfs, or maybe gamma-ray bursts, have, in principle, the best discrimination power for the considered new physics scenarios, whereas AGN jets, which typically perform as pion beam sources, can only discriminate few sub cases in the new physics effects. The optimal parameter region somewhat depends on the class of new physics effect considered.
Description: Restricted Access. An open-access version is available at (one of the alternative locations)
ISSN: 1475-7516 (Online)
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Copyright: 2011 IOP Publishing and SISSA
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (TP)

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