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Title: Comparative study of different scattering geometries for the proposed Indian X-ray polarization measurement experiment using Geant4
Authors: Vadawale, S.V.
Paul, Biswajit
Pendharkar, J.
Naik, S.
Keywords: X-ray polarization
Thomson scattering
Monte Carlo simulation
Issue Date: Jun-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V
Citation: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research A , 2010, Vol. 618, p182
Abstract: Polarization is a very important property of radiation from astrophysical sources. It carries unique information regarding the emission mechanism, physical conditions as well as emission geometry at the origin. Polarization measurements in X-rays can provide unique opportunity to study the behavior of matter and radiation under extreme magnetic fields and extreme gravitational fields. Unfortunately, over past two decades, when X-ray astronomy witnessed multiple order of magnitude improvement in temporal, spatial and spectral sensitivities, there is no (or very little) progress in the field of polarization measurements of astrophysical X-rays. Recently, a proposal has been submitted to Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for a dedicated small satellite based experiment to carry out X-ray polarization measurement, which aims to provide the first X-ray polarization measurements since 1976. This experiment will be based on the well known principle of polarization measurement by Thomson scattering and employs the baseline design of a central low Z scatterer (typically Lithium, Lithium Hydride or Beryllium) surrounded by X-ray detectors to measure the angular intensity distribution of the scattered X-rays. The sensitivity of such experiment is determined by the collecting area, scattering and detection efficiency, X-ray detector background, and the modulation factor. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully select the scattering geometry which can provide the highest modulation factor and thus highest sensitivity within the specified experimental constraints. The effective way to determine optimum scattering geometry is by studying various possible scattering geometries by means of Monte Carlo simulations. Here we present results of our detailed comparative study based on Geant4 simulations of five different scattering geometries which can be considered within the weight and size constraints of the proposed small satellite based X-ray polarization measurement experiment.
Description: Restricted Access. An open-access version is available at (one of the alternative locations)
ISSN: 0168-9002
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Copyright: 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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