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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2289/4009

Title: Extended X-ray emission from radio galaxy cocoons
Authors: Nath, Biman B.
Keywords: galaxies: active
intergalactic medium
X-rays: galaxies
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Citation: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2010, Vol.407, p1998
Abstract: We study the emission of X-rays from lobes of Fanaroff–Riley type II (FRII) radio galaxies by inverse-Compton scattering of microwave background photons. Using a simple model that takes into account injection of relativistic electrons, their energy losses through adiabatic expansion, synchrotron and inverse-Compton emission, and also the stopping of the jet after a certain time, we study the evolution of the total X-ray power, the surface brightness, angular size of the X-ray bright region and the X-ray photon index, as functions of time and cocoon size, and compare the predictions with observations. We find that the radio power drops rapidly after the stopping of the jet, with a shorter time-scale than the X-ray power. The X-ray spectrum initially hardens until the jet stops because the steepening of electron spectrum is mitigated by the injection of fresh particles, for electrons with γ≥ 103. This happens because of the concurrence of two times scales, that of the typical jet lifetimes and cooling due to inverse-Compton scattering (∼ 107–8 yr), of electrons responsible for scattering cosmic microwave background photons into keV range photons (with inline image). Another finding is that the ratio of the X-ray to radio power is a robust parameter that varies mostly with redshift and ambient density, but is weakly dependent on other parameters. We also determine the time-averaged ratio of X-ray to radio luminosities (at 1 keV and 151 MHz) and find that it scales with redshift as ∝ (1 +z)3.8, for typical values of parameters. We then estimate the X-ray luminosity function of FRII radio galaxies and estimate the number of these diffuse X-ray bright objects above a flux limit of ∼ 3 × 10−16 erg cm−2 s−1 to be ∼25 deg−2.
Description: Restricted Access. An open-access version is available at arXiv.org (one of the alternative locations)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2289/4009
ISSN: 1365-2966 (Online)
0035-8711
Alternative Location: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010MNRAS.407.1998N
http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.4189
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17058.x
Copyright: 2010 The authors & the Royal Astronomical Society
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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