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Title: Effect of ceramide on nonraft proteins
Authors: Pabst, G.
Boulgaropoulos, Beate
Gander, Edgar
Sarangi, B.R.
Raghunathan, V.A.
Laggner, Peter
Keywords: Phospholipid bilayer
Phase separation - Interactions
Bending rigidity
Lateral pressure profile
Ion channel
Issue Date: 31-Oct-2009
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Journal of Membrane Biology, 2009, Vol.231, p125
Abstract: The currently accepted model of biological membranes involves a heterogeneous, highly dynamic organization, where certain lipids and proteins associate to form cooperative platforms (“rafts”) for cellular signaling or transport processes. Ceramides, a lipid species occurring under conditions of cellular stress and apoptosis, are considered to stabilize these platforms, thus modulating cellular function. The present study focuses on a previously unrecognized effect of ceramide generation. In agreement with previous studies, we find that ceramide leads to a depletion of sphingomyelin from mixtures with palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayers, forming a ceramide–sphingomyelin-rich gel phase that coexists with a fluid phase rich in palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine. Interestingly, however, this latter phase has an almost fourfold smaller bending rigidity compared to a sphingomyelin–palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine mixture lacking ceramide. The significant change of membrane bulk properties can have severe consequences for conformational equilibria of membrane proteins. We discuss these effects in terms of the lateral pressure profile concept for a simple geometric model of an ion channel and find a significant inhibition of its activity.
Description: Restricted Access.
ISSN: 0022-2631
1432-1424 (Online)
Alternative Location:
Copyright: 2009 Springer
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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