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Title: Light propagation through a coiled optical fiber and Pancharatnam phase
Authors: Bhandari, R.
Keywords: Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
Physical optics : Interference
Physical optics : Polarization
Other areas of optics : Berry's phase
Issue Date: Aug-2007
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Citation: Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2007, Vol. 24, p2343-2348
Abstract: The nature of changes in the interference pattern caused by the presence of polarization-changing elements in one or both beams of an interferometer, in particular those caused by an effective optical activity due to passage of a polarized beam through a coiled optical fiber, are clarified. It is pointed out that, for an incident state that is not circularly polarized so that the two interfering beams go to different polarization states, there is an observable nonzero Pancharatnam phase shift between them that depends on the incident polarization state and on the solid angle subtended by the track of the k→ vector at the center of the sphere of k→ vectors. The behavior of this phase shift is singular when the two interfering states are nearly orthogonal. It is shown that, for zero path difference between the two beams, the amplitude of intensity modulation as a function of optical activity is independent of the incident polarization state.
Description: Restricted Access. An open-access version is available at (one of the alternative locations)
ISSN: E-ISSN: 1520-8540
P-ISSN: 0740-3224
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Copyright: 2007 The Optical Society of America
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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