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Title: Effect of a strong electric field on a nematogen: evidence for polar short range order
Authors: Basappa, Geetha
Madhusudana, N.V.
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: EDP Sciences,
Citation: European Physical Journal B, 1998, Vol.1, p179-187
Abstract: We present experimental studies on the effect of strong electric fields on the nematogen p-cyanophenyl p-n-heptyl benzoate which has the strongly polar cyano end group and a large positive dielectric anisotropy. We use a local temperature measurement to take into account heating effects and an electrical impedance analysis to determine both the dielectric constant ($\epsilon_\parallel$) and the resistance (R) of the sample. We also measure the higher harmonic responses of the medium. The new results obtained in this study are: (i) a detailed temperature dependence of the terms which describe (a) the quenching of macroscopic thermal fluctuations of the nematic director and (b) the enhancement of the orientational order parameter due to Kerr effect, (ii) clear evidence for the critical divergence of susceptibility as reflected in the third harmonic signal, (iii) an unusual enhancement of the conductivity which shows a large peak just below the critical point $T_{\rm c}$, (iv) a significant peak in the second harmonic signal at $T_{\rm c}$ and (v) evidence for a field induced nematic-nematic transition well inside the nematic range. We argue that the results (iii)-(v) indicate the presence of polar short range order in the medium and hence support a molecular model in which such an order has been proposed.
Description: Restricted Access.
ISSN: 1434-6028
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Copyright: 1998 EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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