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Title: Gravitational recoil of inspiraling black hole binaries to second post-Newtonian order
Authors: Blanchet, Luc
Qusailah, M.S.S.
Will, C.M.
Keywords: Stars: Binaries: Close
Black Hole Physics
Gravitational Waves
Issue Date: 10-Dec-2005
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal, 2005, Vol.635, p508-515
Abstract: The loss of linear momentum by gravitational radiation and the resulting gravitational recoil of black hole binary systems may play an important role in the growth of massive black holes in early galaxies. We calculate the gravitational recoil of nonspinning black hole binaries at the second post-Newtonian order (2 PN) beyond the dominant effect, obtaining, for the first time, the 1.5 PN correction term due to tails of waves and the next 2 PN term. We find that the maximum value of the net recoil experienced by the binary due to the inspiral phase up to the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) is of the order of 22 km s-1. We then estimate the kick velocity accumulated during the plunge from the ISCO up to the horizon by integrating the momentum flux using the 2 PN formula along a plunge geodesic of the Schwarzschild metric. We find that the contribution of the plunge dominates over that of the inspiral. For a mass ratio m2/m1=1/8, we estimate a total recoil velocity (due to both adiabatic and plunge phases) of 100+/-20 km s-1. For a ratio of 0.38, the recoil is maximum, and we estimate it to be 250+/-50 km s-1. In the limit of small mass ratio, we estimate V/c~0.043(+/-20%)(m2/m1)2. Our estimates are consistent with, but span a substantially narrower range than, those of Favata and coworkers.
Description: Restricted Access. Articles older than 2 years are open to all at the journal site (alternative location)
ISSN: 0004-637X
1538-4357 (online)
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Copyright: 2005 American Astronomical Society
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (TP)

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