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Title:  Gravitational recoil of inspiraling black hole binaries to second postNewtonian order 
Authors:  Blanchet, Luc Qusailah, M.S.S. Will, C.M. 
Keywords:  Stars: Binaries: Close Black Hole Physics Gravitational Waves Relativity 
Issue Date:  10Dec2005 
Publisher:  The University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society 
Citation:  Astrophysical Journal, 2005, Vol.635, p508515 
Abstract:  The loss of linear momentum by gravitational radiation and the resulting gravitational recoil of black hole binary systems may play an important role in the growth of massive black holes in early galaxies. We calculate the gravitational recoil of nonspinning black hole binaries at the second postNewtonian order (2 PN) beyond the dominant effect, obtaining, for the first time, the 1.5 PN correction term due to tails of waves and the next 2 PN term. We find that the maximum value of the net recoil experienced by the binary due to the inspiral phase up to the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) is of the order of 22 km s1. We then estimate the kick velocity accumulated during the plunge from the ISCO up to the horizon by integrating the momentum flux using the 2 PN formula along a plunge geodesic of the Schwarzschild metric. We find that the contribution of the plunge dominates over that of the inspiral. For a mass ratio m2/m1=1/8, we estimate a total recoil velocity (due to both adiabatic and plunge phases) of 100+/20 km s1. For a ratio of 0.38, the recoil is maximum, and we estimate it to be 250+/50 km s1. In the limit of small mass ratio, we estimate V/c~0.043(+/20%)(m2/m1)2. Our estimates are consistent with, but span a substantially narrower range than, those of Favata and coworkers. 
Description:  Restricted Access. Articles older than 2 years are open to all at the journal site (alternative location) 
URI:  http://hdl.handle.net/2289/2234 
ISSN:  0004637X 15384357 (online) 
Alternative Location:  http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ApJ...635..508B http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/497332 http://arxiv.org/abs/astroph/0507692 
Copyright:  2005 American Astronomical Society 
Appears in Collections:  Research Papers (TP)

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