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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2289/1903

Title: Changes in the measured image separation of the gravitational lens system PKS 1830-211
Authors: Jin, C.
Garrett, M.A.
Nair, Sunita
Porcas, R.W.
Patnaik, A.R.
Nan, R.
Keywords: gravitational lensing
methods: data analysis
techniques: image processing
Issue Date: Apr-2004
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing for the Royal Astronomical Society
Citation: Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2003, Vol.340, p1309-1316
Abstract: We present eight epochs of 43-GHz, dual-polarization VLBA observations of the gravitational lens system PKS 1830-211, made over fourteen weeks. A bright, compact `core' and a faint extended `jet' are clearly seen in maps of both lensed images at all eight epochs. The relative separation of the radio centroid of the cores (as measured on the sky) changes by up to 87 μ as between subsequent epochs. A comparison with the previous 43-GHz VLBA observations made 8 months earlier shows even larger deviations in the separation of up to 201 μas. The measured changes are most likely produced by changes in the brightness distribution of the background source, enhanced by the magnification of the lens. A relative magnification matrix that is applicable on the milliarcsecond scale has been determined by relating two vectors (the `core-jet' separations and the offsets of the polarized and total intensity emission) in the two lensed images. The determinant of this matrix, -1.13 ( +/- 0.61), is in good agreement with the measured flux density ratio of the two images. The matrix predicts that the 10-mas-long jet, which is clearly seen in previous 15- and 8.4-GHz VLBA observations, should correspond to a 4-mas-long jet trailing to the south-east of the south-western image. The clear non-detection of this trailing jet is a strong evidence for substructure in the lens and may require more realistic lens models to be invoked, such as that of Nair & Garrett.
Description: Restricted Access. An open access version is available at NASA ADS (alternative location).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2289/1903
ISSN: 0035-8711
Alternative Location: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/bib_query?2003MNRAS.340.1309J
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2003MNRAS.340.1309J&link_type=ARTICLE&db_key=AST
Copyright: (2003) Royal Astronomical Society
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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