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Title: The radiative transport of dust in primordial galaxies and second-generation star formation
Authors: Venkatesan, Aparna
Nath, Biman B.
Shull, J Michael
Keywords: Cosmology: Theory
ISM: Dust
Galaxies: High-Redshift
Stars: Abundances
Stars: Population II
ISM: Supernova Remnants
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2006
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal, 2006, Vol.640, p 31-40
Abstract: We investigate the radiative transport of dust in primordial galaxies in the presence of the UV radiation field from the first metal-free stars. We find that dust created in the first supernova (SN) explosions can be driven through the interior of the SN remnant to accumulate in the SN shells, where second-generation stars may form from compressed cooling gas. This scenario requires metal-free stars to form continuously over timescales of up to 10 Myr, consistent with recent estimates. Silicate and graphite grains, as well as iron-bearing magnetites, are transported to the shells for reasonable parameter assumptions, but their relative yields from primordial SNe is an important factor in the resulting abundance ratios. We compare the results of segregated grain transport with the current nucleosynthetic data on extremely metal-poor Galactic halo stars. Fossil signatures of this process may already have been detected in those iron-poor stars with enhanced carbon and silicate elements such as magnesium, silicon and oxygen. We discuss the implications of our results for the transition from first- to second-generation star formation in primordial galaxies, and the role played by the radiative transport of dust in this process.
Description: Restricted Access. Articles older than 2 years are open to all at the journal site (alternative location). Open access version available at
ISSN: 0004-637X
1538-4357 (online)
Alternative Location:
Copyright: (2006) by the American Astronomical Society.
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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