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Title: Mesomorphism in columnar phases studied by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance
Authors: Dvinskikh, Sergey V.
Thaning, Johan
Stevensson, Baltzar
Jansson, Kjell
Kumar, Sandeep
Zimmermann, Herbert
Maliniak, Arnold
Issue Date: 7-Aug-2006
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Citation: Physical Review E, 2006, Vol.74, p021703
Abstract: In this paper, we present 13C and 1H NMR investigations of 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 11-hexahexyl-thiotriphenylene (HHTT). The measurements were carried out under both static and magic-angle spinning conditions. The phase diagram of HHTT is K<-->H<-->Dhd<-->I, where H is a helical phase and Dhd is a columnar liquid crystal. The motivation was to characterize the molecular order and dynamics and to investigate differences at the molecular level between the two mesophases: H and Dhd. It is shown that Dhd is a conventional columnar liquid crystal, where the molecular core undergoes fast rotation about the symmetry axis. The orientational order in this mesophase is lower and the temperature dependence of the order parameter is steeper than in other triphenylene-based compounds. On the other hand, in the helical phase the core, similarly to the solid phase, is essentially rigid. The difference between the solid and helical phases is mainly manifested in an increased mobility of the aliphatic chains observed in the latter phase. In addition, the sample exhibits thermal history effects, which are observed in the different behavior upon cooling and heating.
ISSN: 1539-3755
1550-2376 (online)
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Copyright: (2006) by the American Physical Society
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (SCM)

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