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Title: Detection of HI 21 centimeter line absorption in the warm neutral medium and in the outer arm of the galaxy
Authors: Dwarakanath, K.S.
Carilli, C.L.
Goss, W.M.
Keywords: Galaxy: Disk,
Galaxy: Fundamental Parameters,
ISM: Atoms,
ISM: Structure,
Radio Lines: ISM
Issue Date: 10-Mar-2002
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal, 2002, Vol.567, p940-946
Abstract: Using the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope, we have detected H I 21 cm line absorption in the warm neutral medium of the Galaxy toward the extragalactic source 3C 147. This absorption, at a local standard of rest (LSR) velocity of -29+/-4kms-1 with a full width at half-maximum of 53+/-6kms-1, is associated with the Perseus arm of the Galaxy. The observed optical depth is (1.9+/-0.2)×10-3. The estimated spin temperature of the gas is 3600+/-360K. The volume density is 0.4 cm-3 assuming pressure equilibrium. Toward two other sources, 3C 273 and 3C 295, no wide H I 21 cm line absorption was detected. The highest of the 3 σ lower limits on the spin temperature of the warm neutral medium is 2600 K. In addition, we have also detected H I 21 cm line absorption from high-velocity clouds in the outer arm toward 3C 147 and 3C 380 at LSR velocities of -117.3, -124.5, and -113.7 km s-1, respectively. We find two distinct temperature components in the high-velocity clouds with spin temperatures of greater than 1000 K and less than 200 K, respectively.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: 0004-637X
Alternative Location:
Copyright: (2002) by the American Astronomical Society.
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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