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Title: The NuSTAR Hard X-Ray Survey of the Norma Arm Region
Authors: Fornasini, Francesca M.
Tomsick, John A.
Rana, V
+32 Co-Authors
Keywords: binaries: general
Galaxy: disk
cataclysmic variables
X-rays: binaries
X-rays: stars
Issue Date: Apr-2017
Publisher: The American Astronomical Society
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series,2017, Vol, 229, p39
Abstract: We present a catalog of hard X-ray sources in a square-degree region surveyed by the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) in the direction of the Norma spiral arm. This survey has a total exposure time of 1.7 Ms, and the typical and maximum exposure depths are 50 ks and 1 Ms, respectively. In the area of deepest coverage, sensitivity limits of 5 × 10-14 and 4 × 10-14 erg s-1 cm-2 in the 3-10 and 10-20 keV bands, respectively, are reached. Twenty-eight sources are firmly detected, and 10 are detected with low significance; 8 of the 38 sources are expected to be active galactic nuclei. The three brightest sources were previously identified as a low-mass X-ray binary, high-mass X-ray binary, and pulsar wind nebula. Based on their X-ray properties and multiwavelength counterparts, we identify the likely nature of the other sources as two colliding wind binaries, three pulsar wind nebulae, a black hole binary, and a plurality of cataclysmic variables (CVs). The CV candidates in the Norma region have plasma temperatures of ≈10-20 keV, consistent with the Galactic ridge X-ray emission spectrum but lower than the temperatures of CVs near the Galactic center. This temperature difference may indicate that the Norma region has a lower fraction of intermediate polars relative to other types of CVs compared to the Galactic center. The NuSTAR logN-logS distribution in the 10-20 keV band is consistent with the distribution measured by Chandra at 2-10 keV if the average source spectrum is assumed to be a thermal model with kT ≈ 15 keV, as observed for the CV candidates.
Description: Opne Access
ISSN: 0067-0049
1538-4365 (Online)
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Copyright: 2017 The American Astronomical Society
Appears in Collections:Research Papers (A&A)

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